Shop What is Overpopulation? Overpopulation is an undesirable condition where the number of existing human population exceeds the carrying capacity of Earth. Overpopulation is caused by number of factors. Reduced mortality rate, better medical facilities, depletion of precious resources are few of the causes which results in overpopulation.
Shop What is Urbanization? Urbanization is a process whereby populations move from rural to urban area, enabling cities and towns to grow. It can also be termed as the progressive increase of the number of people living in towns and cities. It is highly influenced by the notion that cities and towns have achieved better economic, political, and social mileages compared to the rural areas.
These include social and economic advantages such as better education, health care, sanitation, housing, business opportunities, and transportation. Therefore, as populations move to more developed areas towns and cities the immediate outcome is urbanization.
This normally contributes to the development of land for use in commercial properties, social and economic support institutions, transportation, and residential buildings. Eventually, these activities raise several urbanization issues. To learn more about urbanization, here are its causes, effects and solutions.
Causes of Urbanization Industrialization Industrialization is a trend representing a shift from the old agricultural economics to novel non-agricultural economy, which creates a modernized society.
Through industrial revolution, more people have been attracted to move from rural to urban areas on the account of improved employment opportunities. Industrialization has increased employment opportunities by giving people the chance to work in modern sectors in job categories that aids to stir economic developments.
Commercialization Commerce and trade play a major role in urbanization. The distribution of goods and services and commercial transactions in the modern era has developed modern marketing institutions and exchange methods that have tremendously given rise to the growth of towns and cities.
Commercialization and trade comes with the general perception that Urbanization and overpopulation towns and cities offer better commercial opportunities and returns compared to the rural areas. Social benefits and services There are numerous social benefits attributed to life in the cities and towns.
Examples include better educational facilities, better living standards, better sanitation and housing, better health care, better recreation facilities, and better social life in general.
On this account, more and more people are prompted to migrate into cities and towns to obtain the wide variety of social benefits and services which are unavailable in the rural areas.
Employment opportunities In cities and towns, there are ample job opportunities that continually draw people from the rural areas to seek better livelihood. Therefore, the majority of people frequently migrate into urban areas to access well paying jobs as urban areas have countless employment opportunities in all developmental sectors such as public health, education, transport, sports and recreation, industries, and business enterprises.
Services and industries generate and increase higher value-added jobs, and this leads to more employment opportunities.
Modernization and changes in the mode of living Modernization plays a very important role in the process of urbanization. As urban areas become more technology savvy together with highly sophisticated communication, infrastructure, medical facilities, dressing code, enlightenment, liberalization, and other social amenities availability, people believe they can lead a happy life in cities.
In urban areas, people also embrace changes in the modes of living namely residential habits, attitudes, dressing, food, and beliefs. As a result, people migrate to cities and the cities grow by absorbing the growing number of people day after day.
Rural urban transformation As localities become more fruitful and prosperous due to the discovery of minerals, resource exploitation, or agricultural activities, cities start emerging as the rural areas transform to urbanism. The increase in productivity leads to economic growth and higher value-added employment opportunities.
This brings about the need to develop better infrastructure, better education institutions, better health facilities, better transportation networks, establishment of banking institutions, better governance, and better housing.
As this takes place, rural communities start to adopt the urban culture and ultimately become urban centers that continue to grow as more people move to such locations in search of a better life. Effects of Urbanization Positive effects of urbanization Urbanization yields several positive effects if it happens within the appropriate limits.
Some of the positive implications of urbanization therefore include creation of employment opportunities, technological and infrastructural advancements, improved transportation and communication, quality educational and medical facilities, and improved standards of living. However, extensive urbanization mostly results in adverse effects.
Below listed points are few of them. Housing problems Urbanization attracts people to cities and towns which lead to high population increase.
With the increase in the number of people living in urban centers, there is continued scarcity of houses. This is due to insufficient expansion space for housing and public utilities, poverty, unemployment, and costly building materials which can only be afforded by few individuals.
Overcrowding Overcrowding is a situation whereby a huge number of people live in a small space. This form of congestion in urban areas is consistent because of overpopulation and it is an aspect that increases day by day as more people and immigrants move into cities and towns in search of better life.
Most people from rural or undeveloped areas always have the urge of migrating into the city that normally leads to congestion of people within a small area.Rapid population growth and urbanization will have a dramatic effect on the increased demand for jobs, housing, energy, clean water, food, transportation infrastructure, and social services.
It will also be a significant factor in magnifying the impacts of global warming. Urbanization is a process whereby populations move from rural to urban area, enabling cities and towns to grow. It can also be termed as the progressive increase of the number of people living in towns and cities.
Another global concern with overpopulation and urbanization in China is the allocation of resources. As China’s population shifts from rural to urban, there is a greater demand for food yet less farmers to produce it, leading to a possible famine. Another global concern with overpopulation and urbanization in China is the allocation of resources.
As China’s population shifts from rural to urban, there is a greater demand for food yet less farmers to produce it, leading to a possible famine. overpopulation vs overcrowding Overpopulation has more to do with available resources than available space.
You could put hundreds of rats in a cage with abundant food, water and fresh air and they would live a very cramped but contented life, put a couple of rats in the same sized cage with very limited food and water and they will soon fight.
overpopulation vs overcrowding Overpopulation has more to do with available resources than available space. You could put hundreds of rats in a cage with abundant food, water and fresh air and they would live a very cramped but contented life, put a couple of rats in the same sized cage with very limited food and water and they will soon fight.