History[ edit ] Development of the term[ edit ] The term femicide was first used in England in to signify "the killing of a woman. The current usage emerged with the s feminist movementswhich aimed to raise feminine consciousness and resistance against gender oppression.
Until recently, men have dominated drug trafficking. Drug trafficking affects women directly via their participation, as well as indirectly via sex trafficking, prostitution, and associations with DTO members.
Their role may have appeared miniscule compared to that of their male counterparts, but they have played key roles such as drug mules and bosses. Although women have been active in DTOs for many years, even at times taking on dominant roles, only in the past ten years have they become increasingly visible in the media.
The notion that women do not regularly participate and are not affected by DTOs is demonstrably obsolete. Direct Effects of Drug Trafficking In this era, it comes as no surprise that women have become more involved in the drug business. In the past, women could be counted on to struggle for their right to be loosely a part of a male- dominated world, not only in Latin America, but also around the globe.
Over time, women have tended to enter many industries that were previously appealing to men. Once men started recruiting women as paid mules, their involvement escalated, as did the degree of violence.
One example of an extremely successful woman is famed Colombian beauty queen and lingerie model, Angie Valencia, who was supposedly using other young, beautiful models to transport drugs in an international cocaine ring.
The possibility of easily obtaining money to sustain a deluxe life style for their families is appealing to many women who consider drug trafficking as the one way they can gain access to a spectacular life. In addition, women are probably drawn to the excitement, mystery and power of drug trafficking.
While some women are able to reach a high rank in DTOs, most women who get involved are taken advantage of because they lack alternative economic opportunities. These women are often easily convinced to act as drug mules and are assured it will be a quick and easy trip. The risks are not adequately explained, and, in fact, some women are even sent on missions, totally unaware that they are carrying drugs.
What is even more distressing is that women continue to involve themselves in the business, blind to the consequences or too preoccupied with the chance to escape a life of degradation.
The fear they may be ending up in prison or getting involved in the drug business is trumped by their need to provide for their families. Women also get coerced into joining DTOs because of rivalries between competing cartels.
When this occurs, the woman in the relationship is often forced to take over as the breadwinner. Trying to get a legitimate job may be very difficult if the woman has little to no experience or is uneducated; in this scenario, she will most likely enter the drug business and carry on where the deceased member left off, since she may already have easy access into the business.
The woman may be held responsible for the drugs if the true owner is not present, regardless of the circumstances. This was the situation for Veronica Vasquez, who was interviewed by the Los Angeles Times on women in the drug war. Prisons in Latin America are quickly becoming filled with women imprisoned for drug trafficking; The New York Times reported that sincethere has been a percent increase in the number of women jailed in Mexico for activity mostly linked to organized crime.
In some countries, a drug mule can face the same amount of time in prison as a murderer. A study conducted in concluded that overall, there are more men than women in the Latin American prisons, but a higher percentage of women in prison for crimes involving drugs.
More importantly, this legislation must be properly enforced. Femicide Emerges The rise of the number of women in prisons and the surge in their crime rate are symptoms of a prominent issue in Latin America, known as femicide.
Femicide refers to the mass killings of women, and reflects the excessive masculinity that is associated with the drug industry. Femicides destroy family structures, forcing children to grow up in an entirely unstable environment.
Furthermore, increased violence toward women creates an image that it is acceptable. Although femicide remains an issue for all of Latin America, it has a greater presence in parts of Central America.
For example, the amount of murdered women has tripled in four years, fromin many Mexican states from 3. Where can we go from here? As drug trafficking increases, it promotes violence against women and further cripples the legal system. Nonetheless, there is a need for better laws and efficient enforcement to curb the many pressing issues that drug trafficking poses.
It was perhaps inevitable that women would become involved in the drug trafficking industry. Perhaps the only solution is to forcefully push government officials in Latin America to take more aggressive action against the human rights violations that inevitably crop up and the violence that emerges from drug trafficking.
Until then, the future faced by growing numbers of women affected by drug trafficking violence remains bleak. James References for this article can be found here. Please accept this article as a free contribution from COHA, but if re-posting, please afford authorial and institutional attribution.Femicide is a gruesome, reoccurring, gender-based genocide that is taking women and young girls to their early demise.
According to the United Nations (UN) Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women, an average of two women are murdered each day in Guatemala. Protecting women against gender-based violence is a human rights issue often overlooked globally.
In Latin America, the laws exist to protect women, but those laws are often not uniformly implemented, and there is often a lack of political will to fully comply with the law and international obligations. Femicide includes any kind of domestic violence that ends in death, rape that ends in murder, honor killings, and any other murder where the .
Jan 10, · Half of the countries with very high femicide rates are in Latin America, according to a report by the Small Arms Survey often cited by United Nations officials and women's rights advocates.
Live Action has also investigated the tragic killing of girls in abortion clinics across the United States. The undercover exposes show abortion clinic staffers encouraging women in femicide.
Sex selective abortion isn’t a problem in the United States! It’s all just a racist ploy. There’s just one problem with this argument.