Top image is a photograph from Bottom image is an engraving from or after. Spencer, originator of the Spencerian system of penmanship. While most of the students visible in the picture are men, women are seated along the right side of the table.
Around the room are arranged various offices, each fitted up in a business like manner and provided with an appropriate set of blank books, including ledgers, journals, cash books, sales books, letter books, check, note an draft books, etc. One office represents a bank, another insurance, [another] a wholesale house, and so on with importing and jobbing, real estate, commission and freight offices, the books contained in each being modeled after those in use by the most reliable firms in business, thus designing to give the students exactly similar practice to that which is exacted in business life.
Letters on various subjects are exchanged, drafts, notes and checks are received or issued, goods are shipped, paper discounted at the bank, real estate bought and sold, loans negotiated, brokerage and commission reckoned, losses proved and adjusted, remittances sent.
Other than books and papers, the only specialized office equipment that is mentioned or illustrated are letter copying presses for making copies of outgoing letters, letter filing cabinets for storing incoming letters, desks, safes for protection of company books and money from fire, telegraph equipment, and stock tickers.
The authors were employed at business colleges, and the book was intended for business college students and others interested in learning business methods. In Early Office Museum Archives. This business college was founded in As ofit admitted both men and women. The subjects taught were Book-keeping, Penmanship, Commercial Law, Commercial Correspondence including grammar, spelling, reading, and compositionand Commercial Arithmetic.
The prospectus does not mention training to use typewriters or other types of office equipment. The college claimed to be "the largest school of its kind in the world" and to have seating capacity for several hundred students.
Photograph shows a room filled with Remington No. There are alternating rows of female and male students. The student at the left of the photo has the carriage of an upstrike typewriter lifted so that she can see what she has typed.
Operators of upstrike typewriters were not able to see the letters as they were being typed. The City of Washington: An Illustrated History,p.
From an undated college annual catalog published in or later. Photo shows 14 Smith Premier upstrike typewriters. Business colleges were often privately owned, and their names sometimes changed when ownership changed.
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