A comparison of views of the afterlife of the sumerian and hebrew

Al-nar the fire is used times, jahannam 77 times, jaheem blazing flames 26 times. The Quran also mentions wrongdoers having "degrees or ranks according to their deeds" [37] which scholar believe refers to the seven gates. In both Quranic verses and hadiths, "the Fire" Jahannam is "a gruesome place of punishment that is always contrasted with Jannah"the Garden" paradise.

A comparison of views of the afterlife of the sumerian and hebrew

A story from ancient Sumeria on the connection between Sex and Death

Text Intro Just to give a brief explanation of the Ugaritic texts, which are the primary comparison texts, they date from the 14th century BCE and before.

The following is a list of the Ugaritic text abbreviations. Unfortunately there are different notation systems created by different authors, for the same text. As I stated earlier, these deities cross borders and boundaries, taking beliefs with them, merging and carrying on through time.

Rather, developmental process began, at the latest, at the end of the Bronze Age, gained momentum during the Iron Age, and finally issued it in a practical, and at certain points, even theoretical, monotheism.

It seems that particular gods or better, their priesthoods gobbled up other gods, so to speak, and so took over their functions and identities. Thus eventuated a monopoly on divine worship — a development that certainly also had something to do with economic and political interests.

The old branch of Egyptian monotheism that Lemeche is referring to is that of the primal creator Ptah, before the later Egyptian trinity was formed and the solar aspects were mainly attributed to Ra, said to be the son of Ptah. We cannot limit our research to one time, one location or one belief; not if we want to find the truth.

They are not epics like Homers works, but deal more with history, astronomy, ethics, genealogies, farming, metal works, etc. One particular passage that I would like to share is for the historical application of the Indo-European patriarchal changes that swept so much of the land, but also for the obvious example of yet another assimilation of another cultures writings and beliefs by a patriarchal priesthood scribe for the Bible.

This Hesiod writing is important because it actually relates information about the lands and peoples, their state of affairs prior to the patriarchal takeovers that Hesiod relates as the men of bronze, the time of warfare and heroes.

Al-'Uzza, the Mightiest One. Most people are aware of the basics of the guild system:
history of Mesopotamia | Summary & Facts | timberdesignmag.com Three-fourths of the original hieroglyphics inscription appears to have survived, and counterclockwise reads: Joseph said it represents God sitting upon his throne.
history of Mesopotamia | Summary & Facts | timberdesignmag.com Mesopotamia Mesopotamian civilizations from the 3rd to the 1st millennium bce produced a rich literature dealing with death and hell, much of it designed to impress upon the hearer the vast gulf separating the living from the dead and the fragility of the cosmic order on which vitality and fertility depend. In Mesopotamian traditions, hell is described as a distant land of no return, a house of dust where the dead dwell without distinction of rank or merit, and a sealed fortress, typically of seven gates, barred against invasion or escape.
Atheism is superstitious, not theism Keith Ward, former Regius Professor of Divinity and head of the theology department at Oxford University, wrote a highly acclaimed five-volume series on comparative religions.

Archaeologically, this pattern of events and metal usage is confirmed, though Hesiod would not have had many written records from the golden age, to reference. This patriarchal wave is further explained in the Clan Mother to Goddess section below.

Wither demographics?

The biblical passage is that of Daniel 2, the supposed dream by Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babel. The dream is about a statue of various metals on the body parts.

Daniel interprets what these metals mean, representing different kingdoms that are, and will come to pass. This is not the study to provide all the linguistic, historical and archaeological evidence to this fact. The book states that the head was gold, representing the Babylonians.

The chest and arms were silver, representing the Medes and Persians. The belly and thighs were bronze, representing the Hellenes [Greeks] and the legs of iron and feet mixed of iron and clay, representing a worse, inferior government, strong, crushing and breaking everything.

A comparison of views of the afterlife of the sumerian and hebrew

This is the time period the book is actually written and for self preservation, does not name the then current Roman government.

In chapter 7, another dream is provided about 4 beasts, each again representing the governments. The 4th beast was more terrifying and frightening, very powerful with large iron teeth that crushed and devoured its victims and trampled underfoot anything that was left.

The following Hesiod account, written over years before the book of Daniel, is in Works and Days, versesbased on the translation by Dorothea Wender. The gods, who live on Olympiafirst fashioned a golden race of mortal men; these lived in the reign of Kronos, king of heaven, and like the gods they lived with happy hearts untouched by work or sorrow.

Vile old age never appeared, but always lively-limbed, far from all ills, they feasted happily. Death came to them as sleep, and all good things were theirs; ungrudgingly, the fertile earth gave up her fruits unasked. Happy to be at peace, they lived with every want supplied, rich in their flocks, dear to the blessed gods.

And then this race was hidden in the ground. But still they live as spirits of the earth, holy and good, guardians who keep off harm, givers of wealth; this kingly right is heirs. The gods, who live on Olympianext fashioned a lesser, silver race of men; unlike the gold in stature or in mind.

When they were grown and reached their prime, they lived brief, anguished lived, from foolishness, for they could not control themselves, but recklessly injured each other and forsook the gods; they did not sacrifice, as all tribes must, but left the holy altars bare. And, angry, Zeus the son of Kronos, hid this race away, for they dishonored the Olympian gods.

This passage represents the Indo-European patriarchal perspective of a matrilineal society, where the children were considered the offspring of the mother and were raised in equalitarian, agriculture societies, not warfare, weaponry training of the hero worshipping PIE cultures.

These cultures were invaded and wiped out or partly assimilated by the PIE cultures bringing the Olympian religion to the Greek territories.

An archaeological example of their entering the territory of Kenaan is that of the marked increase in shrines and temples. This is the same pattern that occurs archaeologically in all these invaded cultures.

The earth then hid this second race, and they are called the spirits of the underworld, inferior to the gold, but honored, too. And Zeus the father made a race of bronze, sprung from the ash tree, worse than the silver race, but strange and full of power.

And they loved the groans and violence of war; they ate no bread; their hearts were flinty hard; they were terrible men; their strength was great, their arms and shoulder and limbs invincible.

Their weapons were of bronze, their houses bronze; their tools were bronze; black iron was not known.

Worthless Deities Listed in the Hebrew Text

Although they were great soldiers, they were captured by black Death, and left the shining brightness of the sun. But when this race was covered by the earth, the son of Kronos made another, fourth, upon the fruitful land, more just and good, a godlike race of heroes, who are called the demi-gods — the race before our own.

The whirling Ocean, on the Blessed Isles.This article looks at proof that Jesus was not a copy of pagan gods. Historical evidence for the Gospel account of Jesus Christ.

Inanna has posed a problem for many scholars of ancient Sumer due to the fact that her sphere of power contained more distinct and contradictory aspects than that of any other deity. Two major theories regarding her origins have been proposed.

The first explanation holds that Inanna is the result of a syncretism between several previously unrelated Sumerian deities with totally different domains. Hell: Hell, in many religious traditions, the abode, usually beneath the earth, of the unredeemed dead or the spirits of the damned.

In its archaic sense, the term hell refers to the underworld, a deep pit or distant land of shadows where the dead are gathered. From the underworld come dreams, ghosts. [AAA] Atlas of Ancient Archaeology, Jacquetta Hawkes (ed), Barnes and Nobles: [AAF] Answering a Fundamentalist, Albert J.

Nevins, M.M., Our Sunday Visitor. Derivation of the Adam & Eve story from the Epic of Gilgamesh. Peter Myers. Date July 9, ; update March 17, My comments are shown {thus}; write to me at. The Book of Abraham. The Book of Abraham is a book of LDS scripture that Joseph Smith translated from a collection of ancient Egyptian papyri the church purchased.

[1] The book contains a narrative about some of Abraham's life as well as visions he had concerning the pre-mortal life and the creation.

Inanna - Wikipedia