Loved only numbers Paul Erdos was a Hungarian born mathematician famous for his brilliantly elegant proofs of seemingly unsolvable mathematical problems, especially in the area of numbers theory. He founded the field of discrete mathematics, the foundation of computer science, and was one of the most prolific mathematicians in history. He authored more than papers working, over the years, with roughly collaborators.
Paul Erdos Mathematics is the oldest science and the foundation of all human knowledge. The earliest efforts to ascend from superstition to reason came about because men discovered mathematics while studying the stars. Isaac Newton said that mathematics is the language of nature and he was surely right.
Therefore the contributions of Paul Erdos, a Jewish mathematician born in Hungary, may well be unknown to the vast majority of us, yet are of great importance to that queen of sciences. Erdos wrote over 1, papers on various aspects of number theory.
He collaborated with numerous other mathematicians, so that those who had the honor of doing so were given the Erdos number 1 by their colleagues and those who collaborated with someone who had actually written a paper with Erdos were given the Erdos number 2.
Erdos started his career at the age of 20 when he discovered that for each integer greater than 1, there is always at least one prime number between it and its double.
Thereafter, Erdos astounded the mathematical world with an elementary proof of the Prime Number Theorem.
Utterly uninterested in money, Erdos gave away prize money that he won as a result of his great ability. The Wolf prize honors lifetime achievement. Both his mother and his father were mathematics teachers. At age three he amused people by multiplying three digit numbers in his head.
That same year he discovered the negative numbers for himself. Taught at home by his mother, he nevertheless earned a doctorate in mathematics from the University of Budapest in at the age of From there he went to England for one year and then came to the U.
By Hungary had become a Nazi-style dictatorship under Admiral Horty, a collaborator with Hitler who imposed anti-Jewish laws on the Hungarian community as early as Therefore Erdos never returned to his native land.
Erdos seldom stayed long in one place. He spent all of his time traveling from one mathematical conference to another or visiting mathematicians all over the U. In all of these encounters he solved innumerable mathematical problems, working 19 hour days.
He used coffee, Benzedrine and caffeine tablets to stay awake. Numerous other Jews have contributed immensely to mathematics. Included in that long list is Norbert Wienerborn in the United States and one of the earliest American contributors to control theory, which he called cybernetics.
This showed, with the use of computers, that any two dimensional map can be filled in with four colors without any adjacent countries showing the same color.
There are many more Jewish contributions to this fascinating enterprise. There may be those who will ask what good this is and how much use one can make of all these theories. Here is the answer.
In the British mathematician George Boole invented Boolean algebra. For years this seemed no more than the idiosyncrasy of a benighted professor. Yet today, every college teaches Boolean algebra because it is the basis of computer science.
Mathematics is a storehouse of knowledge. It may not seem of any use now or next year. Nevertheless, we take from that storehouse when we need what it contains.BIOGRAPHY.
Heiligman, Deborah. The Boy Who Loved Math: The Improbable Life of Paul Erdos. Illus. by LeUyen Pham. New York: Roaring Brook, 44 pp. $ math mathematics hoffman mathematicians mathematician biography number genius anecdotes theory human eccentric subject lived century fascinating ideas certainly enjoyable learn.
See more. This biography tells the life story of Paul Erdos, a Hungarian mathematician. The book is written by Paul Hoffman and goes into great detail on the life /5(). Tuesday marks 20 years since the death of Hungarian mathematician Paul Erdos (), an obsessive hunter of interesting problems and mathematical loose .
Paul Erdős came from a Jewish family (the original family name being Engländer) although neither of his parents observed the Jewish religion. Paul's father Lajos and his mother Anna had two daughters, aged three and five, who died of scarlet fever just days before Paul was born.
This is a well written biography of paul erdos, a prolific hungarian mathematician who spends over 19 hours a day doing mathematics and has published over papers.
He was a man who had no home and had travelled around the world giving lectures and staying at his friends place's/5. Jewish Scientists, Inventors, Philosophers and Thinkers - SchoolDirectory - Biography by field, nationality and sector.